History of 21
Blackjack is one of the oldest card games. It is thought to have been invented by the Spanish marines in the 15th century. As a matter of fact, Don Quixote writer Miguel Cervantes even mentions this game in a book he wrote in the 16th century. Blackjack emerged in Spain and came to America in the 19th century. The name of the game was actually 21, and in most places, it was known as Spanish 21. However, American casino owners at that time added a special hand to promote the game: Ace of spades and Jack of spades. As a matter of fact, the name “blackjack” comes from this. Nowadays, this combination is not used anymore, but the name of the hand is still in use.
We can say that BJ is actually an incorporated series of games: There are many variants of it. However, the basic rule system usually remains the same. The goal is to reach a total of 21 points or a higher total than the dealer. Ace is worth 1 or 11 points. Picture cards count 10 points. The other cards get points by their face value. At the beginning of a round, each player receives 2 cards. Depending on the total score at that moment, they may ask for a new card (hit) or may not want another card (stand). In some cases, it is possible to split the deck and double the bet (double). Here are some examples of the most known variants:
- Pontoon: Also known as Spanish 21. Any combination of cards can be used for double betting. If there is a tie between the dealer and the player, the player’s hand is considered as superior. Late surrender is possible. In general, it contains much more liberal rules. This is the closest variant to the version played in the 15th century.
- European Blackjack: Played with 6 decks (most of the other variants use 8 decks). You can only play double bet if you have 9, 10, and 11 points. There is no surrender option in this variant. Also, re-splitting is not allowed.
- Vegas Strip: Since the game is played with 4 decks, players who can count cards prefer this variation. The rules are not very different, but surrender is not allowed. You can use the double option for any combination/point.
Additionally; there are also variants such as Double Exposure, Switch, Perfect Pairs, Double Attack, and Atlantic City. However, the following rules apply to all variants:
- The dealer has to use the stand option if he has reached a total of 17 points.
- 21 points are the limit. Pass it, you lose the game.
- The score values of cards are always the same.
The most important reason why BJ is so popular is its high chances of winning. Theoretically, you can win every game you play. House edge is only 0.14%, so probability calculations are in favor of the player. For example, in the bingo game, the house edge is about 20%. As a general rule, the number of decks affects the house edge too. If we show it as a table:
|Deck Count||House Edge|
However, in order to increase your chances, you have to be a professional player, know a lot of tactics and strategies. In other words, be ready to lose until you learn the game. For this reason, free online blackjack games offer a great advantage. You can experiment basic strategies at no cost and make more accurate choices when playing with real money.
Find the Bonus, Play the Game
Because it is a very popular game, many online casinos offer blackjack bonuses. With these promotions, you can have a starting capital. Using various codes, you can also increase the benefits you get. By following our website, you can be informed about these campaigns as well as the most up to date codes. Remember to visit frequently, our website is updated regularly.